The Struggle for Freedom: A Century of Endurance

The Struggle for Freedom: A Century of Endurance


On August 11, 1947, Balochistan declared its independence, and the withdrawal of British forces from the region was confirmed. As an independent state, Baloch rulers established their own parliament and armed forces. Numerous treaties were set to be signed to strengthen national interests. Unfortunately, due to the British’s new colonial policies, Pakistan, a newly formed state, was assigned the task of attacking and occupying the weakened Balochistan. Despite lacking international allies at that time, the powerful Pakistani state, in alliance with the British, managed to occupy Balochistan once again, disregarding the categorical rejection of the illegal annexation documents by both Baloch houses. This marked the beginning of a seven-decade-long struggle for Balochistan’s independence.

The British occupation of Balochistan holds significant historical importance. In the 19th century, the British Empire aimed to expand its influence across the Indian subcontinent, Afghanistan, and Balochistan due to its strategic position and abundant resources. Balochistan’s significance in preventing Russian influence led the British to wage war against the Baloch people. On November 13, 1839, after facing fierce resistance, the British succeeded in occupying Balochistan.

With a colonial approach, the British established treaties with Baloch rulers to gain control over the region, eroding local autonomy. This control extended over administration, trade, and resources, altering landownership patterns and leading to social and economic disparities. The exploitation of resources disrupted the traditional way of life, and colonial education introduced foreign ideas, impacting Baloch cultural identity.

Throughout the occupation, Baloch resistance persisted. Leaders such as Mir Mehrab Khan, Noora Mengal, and Khalel Rehki led armed resistance to protect Baloch freedom and resources. The Baloch people fought valiantly to preserve their land, culture, and identity against British colonial dominance.

The consequences of British occupation continue to shape the region’s political and social landscape. The struggle for freedom and the preservation of Baloch identity remain at the core of Baloch collective consciousness. Even today, the struggle for Baloch homeland independence against Pakistani occupation persists, despite the involvement of exploitative entities like China alongside Pakistan.

August 11 serves as a day of remembrance for the martyrs and historical Baloch resistance against British occupation. Every Baloch should remember this day and contribute to the Baloch national liberation movement. Until Balochistan gains independence, the prosperity of the Baloch nation will remain elusive. Thousands of Baloch lives have been sacrificed to safeguard our identity, culture, and independence, and the determined Baloch youth continue to strive for the liberation of our nation and state.

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